Category: Cultural Heritage

The Wooden Church of St Archangel Michael in Żernica

The church of Saint Archangel Michael in Żernica the best preserved wooden churches in Upper Silesia. According to recent studies, it was built in 1661, and the tower probably already in 1518. The recently uncovered Baroque wall paintings, created shortly after the construction of the church, are of great value. They were completed in the first half of the eighteenth century. The building is a log cabin construction. The columnar tower was covered with a pyramidal dome.

street Leopolda Miki 3
44-144 Żernica
Upper Silesian Agglomeration, Silesia
in the country
Contact data
: 32 330 22 80
General Information
: churches, architectural monuments, wooden architecture, sacred monuments, history sources
Prices & amenities
: admission free
: whole year
Sound files

Smolnica, now lying in the district of Gliwice, in the commune of Sośnicowice, as its name suggests (Smoleń means “pitch” in Polish) was a village traditionally inhabited by charcoal and pitch burners. The first mention of the village dates back to the thirteenth century. In the second half of the fourteenth century, a parish was established in the village. We do not know when the first church was erected in Smolnica, or where it was located. The present church of Saint Bartholomew was founded as a Lutheran church at the beginning of the seventeenth century.
Łany Wielkie
This village of Łany Wielkie is inextricably linked with the nearby village of Żarnowiec, which was changed its location in the fourteenth century and became first Stary Żarnowiec (Old Żarnowiec), and later Łany Wielkie. The Church of Adalbert stood in Żarnowiec (Łany Wielkie) as early as the thirteenth century, and the present church dates from the next century, but it was later rebuilt many times. Inside the church, there are precious medieval frescos.
Kuźnia Nieborowska
The magnificent palace in Kuźnia Nieborowska, a small village located between Gliwice and Rybnik, was built by the then owners of a local, small ironworks in the second half of the nineteenth century. The architect gave the palace an Eclectic design with a predominance of Baroque elements. It is a one-story building covered a mansard roof with dormers. It is surrounded with a about two-hectare park. Today, the property is used by the Nursing Home "Zameczek".
One of the many interesting wooden churches of Silesia is located in Ostropa, a district of Gliwice. The church is situated a few miles west of the city, on the Wooden Architecture Trail of the Silesia province. It is difficult to determine the exact date of the construction of the first building on the site of the present church. It was mentioned as early as 1340, but we know that the building was burned down during the Hussite Wars. In the seventeenth century, it was replaced by a new shrine.
The Gliwice Aero Club was founded in 1955 as a branch of the Aero Club of Silesia in Katowice, but after a year it became fully independent. Currently, There are sections: aircraft, glider, parachute and model making sections, whose members can boast national and international successes. The pilots from Gliwice use the airfield in Trynek, (a district of Gliwice), whose tradition dates back to 1916. On June 17, 1999, the helicopter carrying Pope John Paul II landed on the airfield.
The church of Saint John the Baptist in Pilchowice was built in the years 1779-1780 and consecrated a year later. Its founder was the local landowner - Count Anton von Wengersky. The sanctuary is oriented. It was erected on a rectangular plan. On the west side there is a tower covered with a bell-shaped dome. In the vicinity of the several historic cemetery tombstones can be found.
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