Category: Cultural Heritage

The Workers' Colony " Carl Emanuel" ( So-Called Karmańskie) in Ruda Śląska

The workers' colony "Karmańskie" (its name comes from the shaft Karl Emanuel) in Ruda Śląska is one of the nicer examples of sponsored building in Upper Silesia. The construction of the colony was initiated by the Ballestrem family in the late 19th century. The Ballestrems had a large mine "Brandenburg" (later "Wawel") and a coke plant to the south of Ruda. Impressive residential buildings for miners and administration staff still stand at Wolności and Raciborska Streets.

street Wolności, Raciborska
41-700 Ruda Śląska
Ruda Śląska
Upper Silesian Agglomeration
in the city/town
General Information
: working-class settlements
Prices & amenities
: not applicable
: whole year

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Ruda Śląska
The Maksymilian Chrobok Town Museum in Ruda Śląska was established in 1990. It continues the tradition of the Town Regional Chamber, which was hosted by the Society of the Friends of Ruda Śląska. The museum is located in the century-old former town hall Ore (formerly a school for girls). It collects historical artifacts mostly related to the settlements, which today are part of Ruda Śląska.
Ruda Śląska
The origins of Ruda Śląska were connected with the extraction of metal ores, which led to the discovery of coal in the second half of the 17th century. Its resources made entrepreneurs invest in building mines and steel mills. The industrial development attracted a number of new workers, for which the first housing estates were built. One of them is located in Wieniawskiego, Wolności, Staszica i Kościelna Streets.
Ruda Śląska
In 1997, the last tone of coal was mined from the shaft "Central" of the mine "Wawel" in Ruda Śląska. In this way, a nearly 250-year history of mining in this part of Upper Silesia ended up. Interesting facilities including the shaft “Mikołaj” have remained. The buildings of the shaft "Franciszek" are also worth seeing. The 19th-century buildings of a fire station and of an engine room, as well as a steel headframe still await revitalization.
Ruda Śląska
The ruins of the old palace belonging to the Ballestrem family and the remains of the house where Karol Godula, a Silesian entrepreneur of the first half of the nineteenth century, lived are the places forgotten for years. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, new ideas of how to make use of them came up. The authorities of Ruda Śląska passed the monuments to the Silesian Foundation "Zamek Chudów" in hopes of revitalization and making them a tourist attraction.
Ruda Śląska
The workers settlement "Kaufhaus" is located on the border of two districts of Ruda Śląska, namely Nowy Bytom and Chebzia. The housing estate was built by the owners of the still existing steel mill “Pokój” The oldest multi-family houses called “familoks” were constructed in the second half of the 19th century. We can see them in Piotra Niedurnego Street. At the beginning of the last century, a shopping center “Kaufhaus” was erected for steelworkers and their families, from which the settlement took its modern name.
Ruda Śląska
"The shaft ""Mikołaj"" in Ruda Śląska was opened in 1912, and then it belonged to the mine ""Wolfgang"". In the postwar years, the shaft was part of the mine ""Walenty-Wawel"", which ceased to operate in the 90s the last century. Nowadays, the entire complex of the shaft structures belongs to the city. It is worthwhile to see an operating headframe e with a flywheel with a diameter of 6 m and a weight of 20 tons."
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