Category: Cultural Heritage

The Historic Buildings along Wolności St in Chorzów

What is "Wolka"? It is a diminutive and caressing name of Wolności Street (Liberty Street) in Chorzów – It is the most important promenade in the city. It was laid out in the mid-nineteenth century, as an access road to the main railroad station of Królewska Huta. Later, elegant houses of rich burghers and public institutions were built along the street. . We have here an overview of different architectural styles, from Eclecticism, through Secession, to interwar Modernism.
Upper Silesian Agglomeration
in the city/town
General Information
: historic buildings/urban arrangement
: whole year

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The Chorzów Cultural Center is one of the most important cultural institutions in the city. Its origins date back to the 20s of the last century, when Polish inhabitants of then Królewska Huta decided to build their own Municipal People's House. A theater was opened in 1934, and the left wing of the building was added five years later. To this day, a lot of stars of the Polish stage have performed here.
The City Hall in Chorzów (then Huta Królewska) was built in the 1870s. As usual, German architects aimed at combining, in an impressive way, various historical styles, but predominantly neo-Baroque. In the inter-war years, the Poles rebuilt it in a modernist manner. Inside the building, the most interesting are the stained glass windows in the Secession Hall, depicting allegories of metallurgy, mining and trade. These are rare examples of Art Deco.
The Church of Martin Luther in Chorzów is one of the two Protestant churches in the city (the other one is the church of Elisabeth). The building was erected in the late nineteenth century. The first Protestant church services were held in Chorzów (starting from 1801 on) in the meeting hall of the building of the then office of the steelworks, and afterwards, (between 1804 and 1844) in the prayer hall, which had been prepared in the newly built school. In 1825, the cemetery was established. It was initially shared by both Protestants and Catholics.
The Main Post Office building in Katowice, located at the beginning of Wolności Street, is one of the architectural symbols of the city. This monumental building was erected in 1892 in neo-Gothic, the style favored by architects of the German Empire. Thanks to its size and the use of brick, the building gives the impression of a medieval construction. It is intensified by the characteristic tower with an openwork helmet – a remnant of an overhead telecommunication system from the late nineteenth century.
The Elizabeth Evangelical Church was the first church built in Huta Królewska, which was later renamed Chorzów. It was for the followers of Lutheranism, among them, workers and technical staff, who came to the region at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The building was erected between 1840 and 1844. The Elizabeth Church was named in honor of the wife of the King of Prussia. Over the years, the church in Chorzów was attended by the faithful from other towns and cities of Upper Silesia, even from Katowice.
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the 38- meter tall building of the Municipal Savings Bank is not as impressive as it was at the time of its construction. In 1937, it was, in fact, the second tallest "skyscraper" in Silesia. Chorzów was only surpassed by Katowice. Katowice. Yet, after the last renovation, the skyscraper epitomizes all the best in the Polish modernist architecture of the interwar period.
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