Category: Cultural Heritage

The Jewish Cemetery in Kromołów

For centuries, Kromołów was a small town, and most recently it has become one of the districts of Zawiercie. Among a few monuments, there is a Jewish cemetery at Piaskowa Street. The cemetery was established around the mid-eighteenth century. To date, nearly 1,000 tombs and a mortuary have been preserved within an area of about 2.2 hectares. The graves are in the shape of typical tombstones with inscriptions in Hebrew, Yiddish and Polish.

street Piaskowa 43
42-200 Zawiercie
Kraków-Częstochowa Jura
in the city/town, in the city/town centre
General Information
: historic cemeteries
Prices & amenities
: admission free
: whole year
City audio tours
Zapraszamy na audiowycieczkę po Zawierciu!
Sound files

Shortly after the outbreak of WW1, the Polish Jura areas became the scene of fierce fighting between the three armies of Germany and Austro-Hungary and Russia. Particularly bloody battles took place in November 1914. Thousands of the killed soldiers were then buried on numerous war cemeteries. One of them can be found in Kromołów, a district of Zawiercie, nearly 130 soldiers are buried.
The Warta, the third longest river in Polish, has its origin in Kromołów, a present-day district of Zawiercie. There is a chapel of Saint John of Nepomuk at the source. It has a history dating back to the sixteenth century, but the current patron saint is associated with the events of the eighteenth century. The cult of the fourteenth-century saint, who came from Bohemia, quickly spread to the neighboring countries. As saying goes: where Saint John of Nepomuk is worshipped, there is Central Europe.
The church of Saint Nicolas in today's Kromołów Zawiercie ( it was once a separate town) is the oldest church in the city. It is located at Jurajska St, which is part of the road from Zawiercie to Kroczyce. We do not know when exactly the first was built in Kromołów The church of St Nicholas is considered to be probably the third on this site. Its present-day form comes from the sixteenth century, when the church was reconstructed.
The sources of the Czarna Przemsza are located at a height of just over 400 meters in Bzów, which is a district Zawiercie. The revitalization work at the sources was carried out in 2001-2004, including cleaning works,the development of the environment, paving the educational path.
W Bzowie, dawnej, XIV-wiecznej wsi, stanowiącej obecnie część miasta Zawiercie, obejrzeć możemy parterowy, murowany dwór. Budowla, która wzniesiona została zapewne w XVIII w., podlegała przebudowom, w wyniku których jej kształt znacząco się zmienił. Obecnie dwór wykorzystywany jest na cele mieszkalne. Bzów leży na Szlaku Tysiąclecia, którym w niedługim czasie dotrzeć można do blisko położonego Podzamcza lub do Kromołowa.
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