Rydultowy is one of the many towns in Upper Silesia whose history over the last 200 years has been inextricably connected with coal mining. The Coal Mine “Rydultowy” still operates in the town. Historic mine buildings including that of the scales are still present in its landscape. The lesser-known buildings are remnants of the workers’ colony “Karol”, which now consists of a few characteristic multi-family brick houses and adjacent small outbuildings.
In Rydułtowy, a mining town situated between Rybnik and Wodzisław Śląski, there is the railroad tunnel which is oldest in Poland and the longest in Silesia, stretching from the housing estate of Orłowiec to the fields to the east of Czernica. The tunnel was built at the end of the 1850s for the railroad line connecting Racibórz with Rybnik and further with Katowice. It is 724 meters long. On the first days of WW2, Polish sappers blew it up. It was rebuilt in 1942.
Although Czernica, located close to Rydułtów, is a small town, it boasts many interesting monuments. It is worthwhile to see an old inn, which for some time also served as a church, and a railroad tunnel from the nineteenth century. However, the most remarkable is a neo-Gothic palace built by the Roth family between 1880 and 1885. It is neatly restored. The palace houses public institutions. You should bear in mind that Henryk Mikołaj Górecki, an outstanding Polish composer, was born in Czernica.
The origins of the first church of Saint George in
Rydułtowy are not explained thoroughly. It is known,
however, that the present church is the fourth successive
building erected on the same site, and that the local
parish has existed here, at least since 1501. The large,
neo-Gothic building of the present church dates from the
late nineteenth century. The peculiar concillation crosses
with two cross arms, which is the only one of its kind in
the Poland, stands next to the church.