Dębieńsko, which until 1977 was a separate village, is now
one of the four districts of the town of CzerwionkaLeszczyny, lying in its north-eastern part. The history of the
parish dates back probably to the thirteenth century. The
church of Saint George, which in the present form is the
result of over two hundred years of successive
reconstructions, is a building erected at the turn of the
eighteenth and nineteenth century in the place of the
former medieval wooden church.
In the mid-90s of the last century, one of the first
weather radars in Poland was mounted on a wooded
hill called “Ramża”, near Rybnik. Its task is to monitor
violent weather phenomena and a cyclic data transfer
to the operation center. After the modernization in
2010, the radar became the most modern of all eight
such devices installed in Poland.
Ornontowice is a communal village situated in the
district of Mikołów. The settlement was already
mentioned under the name of Renoltowitz at the
beginning of the fourteenth century. In the first
half of the century, there was a parish here. In
the early seventeenth century, there were salt
works, where the salt from Wieliczka was boiled.
At the end of the eighteenth century, the first
coal mine “Leopold” was built in Ornontowice.
The next century brought further industrialization.
A blast furnace and a factory were built, and in
1888, a railway line was constructed. In
Ornontowice one can find a nineteenth-century
palace of the Hegenscheid family.
The tradition of coal mining in the Czerwionka-Leszczyny
goes back 200 years ago from now. As early as in the
nineteenth century, there were a few small operating mines
here. At the end of that century, most of them merged into
a big mine - "Dębieńsko". It mined coal by 2000. What has
remained of the mine is characteristic brick buildings, a
winding tower, a large mine waste dump, and a workers’
colony. It is worth seeing the House of Tradition of the
"Dębieńsko" Coal Mine, which houses many exhibits and
Jeden z najlepiej zachowanych układów urbanistycznych osiedla robotniczego z pierwszej połowy XX w. To całościowy kompleks, obejmujący zabudowę mieszkalną, gospodarczą i zieleń obsadzenia ulic, związany z historią kopalni Dębieńsko w Czerwionce (powiat rybnicki).