In Rydułtowy, a mining town situated between Rybnik and Wodzisław Śląski, there is the railroad tunnel which is oldest in Poland and the longest in Silesia, stretching from the housing estate of Orłowiec to the fields to the east of Czernica. The tunnel was built at the end of the 1850s for the railroad line connecting Racibórz with Rybnik and further with Katowice. It is 724 meters long. On the first days of WW2, Polish sappers blew it up. It was rebuilt in 1942.
Rydułtowy is relatively small town situated in the vicinity of Rybnik and
Wodzisłąw Śląski. For over 200 years it has been one of the main centres of coal
mining in Upper Silesia. a the beginning of the twenty first century the local
mine ʺRydułtowy-Anna” is still operating
and soon coal will be mined here from one of the deepest shafts in Europe
reaching over 1200 metres in depth.
Undoubtedly, every tourist will be interested in visiting the memorial chamber
housed in a historic building of the general
cargo scale. In Rydułtowy and its vicinity there are also preserved buildings
of older shafts.
Rydułtowy is a town and a commune in the district of
Wodzisław. The town has a long history. It was mentioned as
early as the thirteenth century. Nowadays, it is now a well known center of coal mining. As a result of years of mining, there is a huge spoil tip of accumulated overburden. It is one
of the largest of its type in Europe, and today, it is affectionately called "Charlotte", the landmark of the city.
Although Czernica, located close to Rydułtów, is a small town, it boasts many interesting monuments. It is worthwhile to see an old inn, which for some time also served as a church, and a railroad tunnel from the nineteenth century. However, the most remarkable is a neo-Gothic palace built by the Roth family between 1880 and 1885. It is neatly restored. The palace houses public institutions. You should bear in mind that Henryk Mikołaj Górecki, an outstanding Polish composer, was born in Czernica.