Category: Cultural Heritage
The Workers' Housing Estate in Czerwionka

The workers’ colony in Czerwionka (part of the commune and town of Czerwionka-Leszczyny in the Rybnik district) is one of over two hundred such colonies in Silesia. It was built in the years 1899-1916 for the workers of the Dębieńsko mine. This interesting complex consists of 98 buildings, most of which are brick family houses of very interesting architecture. The colony is considered by historians as one of the most valuable settlement, and has been entered in the register of historic monuments.

street Wolności, Słowackiego, Hallera, Kombatantów, Mickiewicza i Szkolna
44-230 Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Rybnicko-Raciborski Region, Silesia
in the city/town
Contact data
General Information
: working-class settlements, architectural monuments, technology monuments, historic buildings/urban arrangement
Prices & amenities
: admission free
: guide
: whole year

Sound files



Jeden z najlepiej zachowanych układów urbanistycznych osiedla robotniczego z pierwszej połowy XX w. To całościowy kompleks, obejmujący zabudowę mieszkalną, gospodarczą i zieleń obsadzenia ulic, związany z historią kopalni Dębieńsko w Czerwionce (powiat rybnicki).
The tradition of coal mining in the Czerwionka-Leszczyny goes back 200 years ago from now. As early as in the nineteenth century, there were a few small operating mines here. At the end of that century, most of them merged into a big mine - "Dębieńsko". It mined coal by 2000. What has remained of the mine is characteristic brick buildings, a winding tower, a large mine waste dump, and a workers’ colony. It is worth seeing the House of Tradition of the "Dębieńsko" Coal Mine, which houses many exhibits and memorabilia.
Leszczyny Czerwionka is a town and a commune, situated in the county of Rybnik. It is made up of older, separate villages of Czerwionka and Leszczyny and smaller ones of Debieńsko and Czuchowa, which are now town districts. In Czuchowie, there is an old manor house from the nineteenth century. And in Leszczyny, we can see a Classsicist mansion, known locally as the castle, built in 1882. In the district of Czerwionka, at 6 Saint Barbara Avenue, a nineteenth-century manor house has been preserved. It is, among others, the seat of some departments of the magistrate.
In Leszczyny, once a village and now a district of the town of Czerwionka-Leszczyny, there is a typical manor building with a characteristic three-story tower. This residence, sometimes called Leszczyny Castle, was built in the years 1882-1888, when the owners of the local estates were the Bartelt family. Today, the palace houses, among others, the Public Library, and therefore, the monument can be viewed without restraint.
In the village of Bełk, located in the district of Rybnik, there is an, eighteenth-century wooden Church of Saint Mary Magdalene. Besides the monument, which is recently unfortunately closed, one can see attractive landscapes. The church is adjacent to the ponds and the Bierawka river, which are part of the landscape park “Cistercian Landscape Compositions”. The church in Bełk is situated on the Wooden Architecture Trail of the Silesia province.
In the mid-90s of the last century, one of the first weather radars in Poland was mounted on a wooded hill called “Ramża”, near Rybnik. Its task is to monitor violent weather phenomena and a cyclic data transfer to the operation center. After the modernization in 2010, the radar became the most modern of all eight such devices installed in Poland.
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