Subregion West - About the Western Subregion

Erscheinungsdatum: 14 November 2013
About the Western Subregion

Economically, the Subregion is situated on the axis of the links between the Upper Silesian Industrial Region and Ostrava-Karvina Coal Basin. The Western Subregion has a tendency to polycentric development with the center in Rybnik, and to settlement development along the transport routes connecting the Western Subregion with Czech Republic, including the Agglomeration of Ostrava and Opava District, through the international border crossings in Chałupki and Pietraszyn and the local border traffic.

The area is favorably located in terms of the scope of influence of central investments: directly of A1 motorway and indirectly of A4 motorway and the Racibórz reservoir on the Oder. These conditions create convenient opportunities for socio-economic development of the Subregion. Rybnik, the main development center, is located about 50km from Katowice (the capital of Silesia), about 120 km away from Kraków and about 25km from the border with Czech Republic in Chałupki.

The Subregion comprises of the following administrative units:

  • district cities: Jastrzębie-Zdrój, Rybnik and Żory,
  • counties: Racibórz, Rybnik, Wodzisław Śląski,
  • communes: Czerwionka-Leszczyny, Gaszowice, Gorzyce Godów, Jejkowice, Kornowac, Krzanowice, Krzyżanowice, Kuźnia Raciborska, Lubomia, Lyski, Marklowice, Mszana, Nędza, Pietrowice Wielkie, Pszów, Racibórz, Radlin, Rudnik, Rydułtowy, Świerklany, Wodzisław Śląski.

There are also two Euro-regions:

  1. Euroregion 'Silesia' based in Racibórz and Opava (15 communes)
  2. Euroregion 'Cieszyn Silesia' based in Cieszyn and Czech Cieszyn (2 communes).

One of the important potentials of the Subregion is its population. Given the number of residents living in the Western Subregion, it constitutes the second agglomerated area in the province in terms of population (640.6 thousand), after the Katowice metropolitan area. The Western Subregion coincides territorially and viably with the former Rybnik Coal Area, however its name did not reflect fully the nature of the area (currently Rybnik Industrial District). Apart from Rybnik, to the District belong other four major centers of development: Jastrzębie-Zdrój, Racibórz, Wodzisław Śląski and Żory. Other communes of the Subregion are under the strong influence of the key centers.

The specifics of the major growth centers of the Western Subregion is of industrial-commercial character (with the exception of Wodzisław Śląski where the commercial-industrial model is predominant). The development of the region in the following years should lead to a withdrawal from the industrial model in favour of the service sector development (this will be especially noticeable in Rybnik, which as a natural leader will set the trend for the rest of the Subregion's centers).